# Loops in Pseudocode

Loops are a fundamental part of computer programming and are used to repeat a set of actions multiple times. In pseudocode, loops are used to automate repetitive tasks and to perform actions on a set of data.

There are many types of loops. This guide will discuss for loops and while loops.

## For Loops

For loops are used to repeat a set of actions a specified number of times.

### Syntax:

The syntax of a for loop in pseudocode is as follows:

``````FOR variable = start_value TO end_value
statements
END FOR``````

In the above syntax, "variable" is the loop variable that changes each iteration, "start_value" is the value that the loop variable starts at, and "end_value" is the value that the loop variable ends at. The statements inside the loop will be executed for each value of the loop variable between start_value and end_value.

### Example:

Here's an example of how a for loop can be used in pseudocode:

``````FOR i = 1 TO 10
OUTPUT i
END FOR``````

In the above example, the for loop will repeat 10 times, starting with the value of "i" as 1 and ending with the value of "i" as 10. The output for each iteration of the loop will be the value of "i".

## While Loops

While loops are used to repeat a set of actions as long as a certain condition is true.

### Syntax:

The syntax of a while loop in pseudocode is as follows:

``````WHILE condition
statements
END WHILE``````

In the above syntax, "condition" is a Boolean expression that is evaluated before each iteration of the loop. If the condition is true, the statements inside the loop will be executed. If the condition is false, the loop will stop.

### Example:

Here's an example of how a while loop can be used in pseudocode:

``````INPUT number
WHILE number != 0
OUTPUT number
INPUT number
END WHILE``````

In the above example, the while loop will continue to repeat as long as the value of "number" is not equal to 0. The output for each iteration of the loop will be the value of "number".

## Advantages of using loops in pseudocode:

• Simplifies repetitive tasks by automating them
• Reduces the amount of code needed to be written
• Increases code readability and maintainability

## Conclusion

Loops are an essential tool in pseudocode for automating repetitive tasks and performing actions on a set of data. Whether using a for loop or a while loop, understanding how to use loops is important for writing efficient and effective algorithms in pseudocode.